viernes, 28 de marzo de 2014

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY IN THE PERUVIAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY IN THE PERUVIAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY

by: Herwarth Morales


In my country, big companies like Coca Cola addressed the issue of Occupational Safety and Health, but small and mid-sized industries ignored this important issue. This oblivion on the part of the small and mid-sized industries led to an increase of accidents and occupational diseases. Worse yet, the small and mid-sized companie:s were resistant to preventing these diseases and accidents because taking such action would be detrimental to their profits.
They thought: Accident prevention and occupational hazards?, New management system security ?, does the occupational health in industry?, were new coined terms for plant engineers and laboratory, employee and management, given that had formed with the idea that an accident was a mandatory occupational hazard therefore if accident was grave for the worker was a matter of immediate fired and replaced by another.
Had to be waited six years for the laws are adjusted to meet the international standards which meant change that way of thinking , but there was the obligation to consider human life as an inalienable and important in itself. Because ultimately, that is what happened to not value the life of a human being, in this case the worker, your health or what happened to him was not an investment, were only money losses. 
Therefore implementing a management system of occupational safety and health was very complicated. First, you must make changes in the thinking of management for them to understand that prevention is an investment that goes hand in hand with an increase in profits, as substantially reduce medical costs or occupational disease. Second, the hardest part is training workers considering their idiosyncrasies, lack of self-esteem and confidence in the face extreme danger, produces in them a refusal to comply with the basic rules of safety while performing their duties, so that must be implemented workshops, lectures on the use and management of personal protective equipment, and pass mandatory pre-employment tests.
In conclusion, implementing a system safety management and occupational health in the Peruvian chemical industry. Is Somewhat difficult, but nevertheless has been working on implementing gradually, although the results are not very encouraging for the same companies because the high cost of implementation and certification because, therefore this is not reflected in reality because there is no decrease in the number of accidents, this is generally motivated by a lack of safety culture and health in most workers, employees and employers.









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